Northern, Eastern and Southern Estonia (1–6 July, 2013)
Estonia is located on a cross-road of transitions – i) the biogeographic ecotone between nemoral and boreal vegetation zones of the temperate climate region (hemi-boreal or boreo-nemoral vegetation zone), ii) the geologically predetermined soil gradient from Ordovician and Silurian limestone to the Devonian sandstone bedrock, and Pleistocene post-Glaciation sediments, iii) the mixture of land use and cultural traditions between west and east. We will cross the mosaic landscape of nemoral and boreal habitats, alternated by wetlands and bogs. Following the east-arc in Estonia, we will observe various habitats in their successional stages and restoration phases. The habitat types we will stop at are coastal habitats, sand dunes, heath, calcareous grasslands, flooded meadows, semi-natural woodlands, various types of forests, and stages of bogs. At our excursion stops, we will explore the multi-cultural and architectural heritage and experience the local cuisine. The excursion will include several walks of up to 4-5 km, mostly along established paths, but the weather during the excursion can vary from hot sunny to windy and rainy. The excursion will be organised by Jaan Liira.
|POST2||morning of 1 July from Tartu||evening of 6 July in Tallinn|
In case of any questions, please contact Organising Committee: email@example.com.
|Day 1||Ilumetsa meteorite craters; lake-shore early wetland bog; Setu heritage museum; human generated sand-dune habitats in Mustoja.
Accommodation and dinner in Värska Spa Hotel.
|Day 2||Lake-shore villages of Lake Peipsi; boreo-nemoral forest trail in Alatskivi; sandstone cliff in Kallaste; dune forest mosaic with bogs – Kotka trail.
Accommodation and dinner in Mäetaguse Manor.
|Day 3||Restoration of wooded grassland near Mäetaguse; river banks near Vasknarva and northern shore of Lake Peipsi; oil-shale mining areas of Kiviõli and mining museum of Kohtla–Nõmme.
Accommodation and dinner in Saka Manor.
|Day 4||Baltic Klint and klint-forest at Saka; wooded grassland at Rannu–Kestla; nemoral forest, alkaline pollution and its effects in Kunda; coastal habitats and Toolse castle ruins.
Accommodation and dinner in Vihula Manor.
|Day 5||Muuksi alvars and ancient settlement areas with stone gist graves of Hundikangrud; coastal habitats in Aabla and Altja; transitional bog forest of Majakivi–Pikanõmme.
Accommodation and dinner in Palmse.
|Day 6||Waterfall and canyon of Nõmmeveski with nemoral forest and hirstoric hydro power station (Lahemaa National Park); raised bog of Viru; heath and alkaline mosaic around Jussi lakes in North–Kõrvemaa Landscape Reserve; Kostivere karst and calcareous grassland fragments; Rebala Heritage Museum of the late Bronze Age and Jõelähtme.
End of the excursion in Tallinn.